Coronavirus, which comes to fore with the reporting of the pneumonia cases of unknown etiology in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China on 31 December 2019, is closely followed in our country. The necessary information has been provided about the ways to be followed in the follow-up of the disease and possible suspected cases, in the circular issued by the Ministry of Health.
We would like to inform you about the coronavirus, which is still talked about in social media as well as numerous news in all media organs, and therefore information pollution is intense.
What is Coronavirus?
The World Health Organization states that the coronavirus is from the same family of MERS and SARS viruses that causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. It is an RNA virus found in animal families from the Coronaviridae family. It is seen that the virus, which affects the respiratory, digestive and urinary organs, displays activity mostly in the spring and autumn months. Coronaviruses frequently circulated in cats, actually have little or nothing deadly risks without mutating.
Since the microscopic image of the virus is in a crown shape, it has been called Corona, which means crown. It has a small structure but huge damage. Findings compatible with fever, dyspnea, and radiological bilateral lung pneumonic infiltration were diagnosed in cases. Death cases reported so far have generally occurred in elders.
How is the coronavirus transmitted?
The virus is transmitted from cat to cat through contact, and the way to spread is usually through stools. It is known that almost half of cats have this virus once in their lives. This rate increases even more in places where cats live collectively. It is thought that the nutrition of Chinese people is also effective in the spread of this virus, which is spread by transmitting from animals to humans.
The factor of the pneumonia cluster detected on 31st December 2019, has been identified as a new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) that was not previously detected in humans on 7th January 2020. An increase in the number of cases was reported after that date, and the occurrence of the disease in health workers has shown that it is transmitted from person to person.
What are the symptoms of the coronavirus?
Common signs of infection include upper respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath. Besides, the infection can cause lower respiratory symptoms such as pneumonia. Some bodies may pull through the disease with mild symptoms. The first 15 days after the transmission of the virus is very important. Because the symptoms appear during this time and the virus spreads throughout the body in this first 15 days.
The shortness of breath, fever, cough are among the most important symptoms. But sputum can also be seen in some patients together with these symptoms.
What can we do to protect ourselves?
This disease, which has no vaccination and treatment yet, is reported to collapse the immune system and fail the kidney and liver. Therefore, the measure to be taken to prevent its spread carries significant importance.
Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoiding close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing is extremely important.
This article has been prepared using the circular of the Ministry of Health.